“The Windup Girl” by Paolo Bacigalupi

A grim future awaits us in 200 years or so.  Global warming fears have played out and the ocean has submerged most of the coastal cities of the world.  Peak oil (peak fossil fuel, really) has come and gone a long time ago – the “Expansion” era of cheap energy, that wasteful orgy of consumption in the midst of Eden, has been supplanted by the agonizing “Contraction,” where scarcity is common and globalization is once again a distant dream.  But the worst part is the horror brought about by mankind’s tinkering with genetics and biology.  There are gruesome manufactured plagues, possibly used as weapons of war but long since mutated out of control.  Then there are the windups, genetically modified New People, created by the  mysterious, “calorie surplus but labor shortage”-ed Japanese.  Finally the generippers of the despised calorie companies of the Midwest Compact out of Des Moines create crop-destroying diseases, only to market resistant strains of foodstuff product a short time later, sold at maximum profit.  A man must eat and will pay any price, if possible.

If this back story isn’t compelling enough, our story takes place entirely in exotic Bangkok, Thailand.  The Thais have continued their knack for independence, surviving by cutting themselves off from the rest of the world and entrusting the protection of the nation to the brutal but efficient Environment Ministry, whose “white shirts” monitor the many plagues, wiping out whole villages if necessary to stop the spread.  However, now a new Expansion is brewing in the world, powered by clipper ships, kink-springs (kinetic energy “batteries”), megodonts (resurrected and enlarged mastodons), and the like.  The Trade Ministry is the main rival to Environment; Trade wants to open up to the world, while Environment resists the unnecessary danger.

Emiko, the windup girl of the book’s title, was taken to Bangkok by her Japanese master as a sort of “secretary with benefits.”  When his business is finished, he leaves her behind since he can upgrade to a new model back in Japan for a lower price than it would cost to pay for her ticket back home.  He has a soft spot for her, so rather than turn her in to Environment to be mulched (windups are technically illegal in the country), he sets her free.  Effectively a non-person, Emiko’s limited options land her as a curiosity in a whorehouse.  <A word of warning: a handful of rather graphic scenes in this book.>  When the extreme abuse from one patron is too much to handle, she snaps with the realization that her future holds nothing else.  She murders the man, plus a few others along with their bodyguards.  With her bare hands.  Turns out the windups have quite a few genetic upgrades, which usually are of no danger due to their genetically-dictated obedient nature.  The patron happens to be an important figure in the government, and his murder touches off all-out war between Trade and Environment, each accusing the other of sending a military windup on an assassination mission.

There’s a pretty incredible set of chapters describing several characters’ struggle to navigate the city in the midst of military lockdown and violent rioting.  The action is quick-moving and hard to comprehend, incredibly chaotic.  Safety is elusive and ephemeral.  In the midst of it are Hock Seng’s flashbacks of the Green Headbands radical Islamist uprising against the  Malayan Chinese.  While riveting, it is sad to think that similar stories might be playing out now in Syria and recently in places like Egypt, etc.

This is a very interesting sort of environmental science fiction.  Science fiction is great for extrapolating a few current avenues of technological progress far into the future and seeing what comes out.  I’ve already commented elsewhere in this blog how a lot of 50’s sci-fi is fixated on a future full of atomic technology, since that’s what was new at the time.  More recently we have cyberpunk and “singularity” science fiction.  But the “The Windup Girl” is part of something new – wikipedia calls it Biopunk: “subgenre of cyberpunk fiction that focuses on the near-future unintended consequences of the biotechnology revolution following the discovery of recombinant DNA.”  Combined with the exhaustion of cheap energy, it’s a compelling, albeit depressing, vision of the future.

There’s an interesting insight from Gibbons, the generipper secretly helping the Thais.  He sees windups as the natural path for human evolution – it’s easier to breed in resistance to plague and adaptation to changing environmental circumstances that to try and control those plagues or the environment.  He sees this as the continuation of nature’s evolution – which after all has also simply been the adaptation to changing conditions, albeit on a much slower time scale.

One response

  1. Saw this and thought of “The Windup Girl” – http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2012/04/farm-fresh-infringement-can-you-violate-a-patent-by-planting-some-seeds.ars?&utm_source=google%20gmail&utm_medium=social-media&utm_campaign=addtoany

    Monsanto created a strain of soybean resistant to the pesticide Roundup … which Monsanto also creates. (Scary confluence with the book #1)

    The story, though, is that they are suing someone who broke the license agreement and used some of the soybean offspring without paying Monsanto. (#2)

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